I will generalize from these cases to identify plausible select uses for such penalties while isolating some pervasive worries about them. The idea of parsimony as a restraint on punishment expresses the normative belief that infliction of pain or hardship on another human being is something that should be done, when it must be done, as little as possible.
Together these factors explain why communicative theories cannot plausibly countenance permanently barring all drug felons from access to welfare, food stamps, housing, and education. Marshall  described how public education, health care, and income assistance were establishing a dignified standard of living as a basic social right.
Any drug felony is less serious than first degree murder, yet the murderer will not, upon release, be denied access to these social benefits. But these latter justifications are plausible only for particular criminals and select crimes.
From this I infer that although the U. While the original version of the law specified the same punishment for all drug felons. What is the difference between these models? Reintegrating former felons should be a significant aim of a penal system, especially in the United States which has the largest percentage of its population 2.
Anytime we get the tools to help ourselves become better, more productive members of society, there will be benefits reaped from all sides. From this I infer that although the U. Some collateral consequences might be plausibly justified as consequences of criminal behavior.
Many disenfranchisement laws were openly racist: I do not see how defenders can make good on either claim, let alone both.
The right to vote is relevantly different from the right to be President, a judge, or even a university student.
More relevantly, the severity of punishment is the main way the state conveys to its citizens the relative seriousness of an offense. It seems plausible, then, that the retributivist has drawn the wrong conclusion in claiming that the utilitarian would allow for excessive punishment, much less the punishing of an innocent.
They would conclude that those policies increase the chance that former felons will return to crime, and are therefore, self-defeating. Violates the condition of publicity Collateral consequences as practiced in the U.
I do not argue that all collateral consequences are ill-conceived or morally illegitimate. Deterrence is frequently an argument used to support the death penalty. If the state shows, by instituting strict collateral consequences, that it finds certainly criminal behavior unacceptable, its citizens could be deterred subconsciously.
But, these uses would be plausible only if we can see how and why the criminal's behavior disqualifies her from having certain rights, as it does, say, in cases of impeachment. More people leave the prison system addicted to drugs than enter it - drug use almost always leads to increased crime.
In contrast, laws against murder, robbery, rape, etc. According to this theory, the aim of punishment is to rehabilitate criminals — to prepare them for life as productive citizens.
Classic and Contemporary Readings with Commentary. Arguments for this way of conceiving collateral consequences — like arguments for retributivism — often employ the metaphor of the Social Contract.
Hence, most, and perhaps all, collateral consequences defended as forms of punishment will run afoul of some or multiple elements of this principle. In the domain of justice, empirical evidence by itself cannot point the way to policy, yet an explicit and transparent expression of normative principles has been notably missing as U.
Lopping of the legs of jaywalkers might be an efficient deterrent, but it is neither appropriate nor proportionate. Therefore, it is unlikely that they now deter. The denial of social benefits for drug felons the highest portion of incarcerated blacks seriously undercuts their chance for full membership in American society.
The best-known example of such consequences is the disenfranchisement of felons. One, as currently practiced in the U. We will have some difficulty drawing precise boundaries between these accounts since they bleed into and blend with one another.
Despite first appearances, these penalties are not disproportionate. They are a hodgepodge of regulations, buried in footnotes and added as amendments to non-criminal legislation, are administered by diverse state and federal agencies, and are rarely codified in the criminal law.
But that does not mean it is a punishment.
Third, this subconscious mechanism works more plausibly if it is used to convey to potential criminals that some small number of crimes are especially heinous.do the consequences of punishment provide any beifits for criminals and society Criminology According to proponents of capital punishment, which of.
Which type of punishment deters crime most effectively? Do the consequences of punishment provide any benefits for criminals and society? I need these questions answered in words minimum with two references, formatted according to APA style. Write a 1, to 1, word paper that summarizes your research results and addresses the following questions Which type of punishment deters crime most effectively?
Do the consequences of punishment provide any benefits for criminals and society? Format the paper according to APA style. May 29, · Do the consequences of punishment provide any benefits for criminals and society?Status: Resolved.
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Do the consequences of punishment provide any benefits for criminals and society? Which type of punishment deters crime most effectively? • (B) Do the consequences of punishment provide any.
Sep 27, · Best Answer: Do punishments for murderers and rapists and the like provide any benefits for the criminals and society?
Absolutely. It keeps violent criminals off the streets. Does it provide benefits for those convicted of drug crimes? While they're in prison, they've got a roof over their heads, food, and other ifongchenphoto.com: Resolved.Download